What is Laser Dentistry? - Which Lasers are used for Laser Dental Treatment?
21 Jul

What is Laser Dentistry? - Which Lasers are used for Laser Dental Treatment?

You Might have faced dental issues like sensitivity, cavities or severe tooth pain or any dental or oral issues. You might have consulted the best dentist near you and got your all tooth or oral issues treated with the utmost care. For some people, it is difficult to bear the severe pain, even during the treatment procedure, especially when drilling in the root canal or numbing shots for a tooth. Both these pains last for hours restricting eating and drinking.  We bought you the good news of putting an end to all your severe pains with advanced oral and dental health and healing infrastructure and procedure.

Using Lasers, we can do any traditional procedure at ease with less pain and invasions. Along with this, laser treatments can save your teeth from additional damages, tooth structures and gums from traditional procedures and the chemicals used in them. It is also stated by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that, Laser dentistry is a preferred treatment option for several dental conditions, imperfections or restorations etc.

Table of Content

  1. What is Laser Dentistry?
  2. Types of Laser Procedures
  3. What Laser Dentistry can Treat?
  4. Benefits of Laser Dentistry
  5. Dr.Jaydev's Note
  6. FAQs

Now, let us understand what laser dentistry is and how it is standing out of all other dental procedures. In this blog, we are presenting you the more sophisticated information about Laser dentistry in detail.

What is Laser dentistry?


If you have never heard of this dental procedure, just be on hold. You are at the right place to know clear about it.

Laser dentistry is an innovative type of dental care which is minimally invasive option for gum surgery, cavity treatment, tooth decays or other oral tissue treatments. As the name implying, this procedure of treatment involves or uses lasers to treat the oral and dental issues.This laser dental procedure has commercially used in the dental procedures involving tooth tissues. Potentially, it is the best option to treat the severe pain involving oral issues as it does not contribute to another pain levels during or post the procedure.

As you are aware of LASERS which are light emitted radiation devices catering light energy to in a narrow and focussed beam. This light from lasers when hits the tissues, either removes or reshapes the tissues. Whereas in traditional dental procedures, manual scalpels or other sharp instruments for cutting, stitching, cleaning etc. From the dentist or orthodontist point of preferring laser dentistry, it minimizes the damage to surrounding tissue and speed up the healing and recovery time.  Laser being extensively used in many of the oral procedures right from gum treatments like gum reconstruction and periodontal cleaning to the treatment of the tooth decay, cavities. Laser dentistry can also be used in periodontal treatments to eliminate the infected layer of the gum tissue.

If you are having any dental or oral pains or discomforts but afraid to opt for the painful and time taking procedures, laser dentistry is the best option.

Types of Laser procedures


From the above overview of what are laser dentistry procedures, it is clear that Laser dentistry is used in different procedures, including:

  • Treating Hypersensitivity.
  • Treating Tooth Decay.
  • Treating Gum Diseases.
  • Whitening teeth.

There are two main laser dentistry treatments such as hard tissue and soft tissue procedures. Hard tissues usually refer to teeth and the soft tissues refer to the gums. Each of these use different wavelengths of laser lights appropriate to address the issues of teeth and gums.

Hard Tissue Laser Procedures:

We all know the basic body and organism complexes. Tissues make the complete building blocks of any part of the body.  In the same track, teeth are made of certain tissues that make the senses for every pain or inconveniency. Hard tissue lasers are used to diagnose and treat the cavities associated to the teeth.In this procedure, the laser wavelength cuts through the teeth bone and water, particularly the calcium phosphate which is the primary composition of tooth. Hard tissue procedure in general avoids the anaesthesia and the chance of overheating of the tooth parts like pulp.

The main purpose of using the hard tissue lasers is;

Detecting Cavities–Lasers by transmitting light deep into the tooth layers find the evidences of tooth decay and thus detect cavities if any.

Dealing with tooth sensitivity–These laser lights seal the tubules present on the tooth’s root hence detecting the signs of sensitivity to hot or cold.

Prepare teeth for dental fillings–Laser lights are sharp and sure shot to detect the infectious teeth and kill the bacteria in the cavities.

Soft Tissue Laser Procedures:

From the various reports from different sources like American Dental Association (ADA), the FDA in USA has approved about 20 applications of laser dentistry. The most common of all is the soft tissue laser procedure. The lasers used for soft tissue procedures include, diode lasers, carbon dioxide laser, and Nd: YAG laser.

This soft tissue lasers are used specifically to treat or deal with the gum tissues. These lasers useful for cutting or removing soft gum tissues to make them available for practical dental procedures.

Some of the common gums associated dental procedures include:

  • Gum Reshaping
  • Cutting gums as a part of crown lightening
  • Reduce gum tissues
  • Loosen the tight oral muscles

On a whole, soft tissue laser dentistry is preferred for its efficiency in reducing the bleeding during and after surgery, less discomfort procedure, and minimizes the swelling.

The main purpose of using the soft tissue lasers is;

Treating gummy smile–Gum reshaping is the primary function of the soft tissue lasers.

Crown lengtheningThis is suggested before the tooth replacement to reshape the gum and bone for healthier tooth structure.

Treating tongue frenulum attachment–Frenulum is the fold under the front part of tongue. This is majorly preferred for kids who have a problem during breastfeeding or speaking.

Removing soft tissue folds–Soft tissue lasers removes the folds from mis-aligned or ill-fitted dental crowns.

Preventing gum diseases–Lasers cleans the deep layers of the tooth removing the bacteria that causing the infections in teeth.

What Laser Dentistry Can Treat?

  • Root Canal Infections
  • Gum diseases
  • Removes Gum inflammation
  • Biopsies
  • Exposing wisdom tooth
  • Removes throat tissues that causes sleep apnea
  • Regenerates damaged nerves
  • Removing benign oral tumours
  • Gum reshaping
  • Canker sore and cold sore pain treatments.

Types of Lasers used in the Procedures:

So far in our discussions, we were into knowing the different issues that are being addressed by the laser procedures. At our clinic, to perform these laser procedures, we maintain sterilized laser machinery which is of different types with respect to the soft tissue procedures and hard tissue procedures.Based on their wavelengths, lasers are of these types;

Diode and Nd:YAG:

These lasers target the diseased tissues travelling through the soft tissue pigments and pathogens. It can also be used to whiten the teeth with special bleaching agents.

Carbon-Dioxide Lasers:

These work well with soft tissues easily interacting with the water molecules as well as vaporizes the intracellular water of pathogens.

Erbium Lasers:

These work well with both soft and hard tissues. They absorb apatite crystals and the water of soft and hard tissues.

Argon Lasers:

This laser produces the blue-green light to detect and cure the fillings, performs bloodless surgery, detects decays or cracks in tooth, and bleaches the teeth as a process of teeth whitening.

Benefits of Laser Dentistry over Traditional Procedures:



Dr.Jaydev’s Note :

While many people suffer from different tooth and oral problems as they are aging, you are not supposed to. Once you find the tooth mal-functioning, you can immediately consult our expert periodontists in Hyderabad. They will clearly listen to your issues and suggests the best option available.

Just give a call to our clinic to book your slot or directly book the appointment from the website. You will be best advised on the most appropriate treatment.


Frequently Asked Questions

Get Every Single Answer About The Treatment

When one needs to opt for Laser Dentistry?

Laser dentistry or any of the dental procedures are prescribed by the dentists only when they are needed for the patient’s wellness. At our clinic, we prescribe Laser dentistry to the patients who have the active periodontal diseases. Nd:YAG is the only FDA approved laser for this treatment. If you notice any of the conditions like bone loss around teeth, Loose teeth, attachment loss, or increased probing depths, it is the time for you to consult the dentist and opt for the suitable treatment. Our ultimate goal of choosing Laser dentistry is to re-establish the original type of gum and bone tissue attachment to teeth.

What to expect during and after the procedures?

Laser Dentistry procedure is almost similar to that of traditional dental procedures except the equipment used in them. If you consider treating a cavity, the process is same like drilling the dental roots and filling them with composite resin. The only difference is in the equipment used for drilling like in Laser dentistry, laser light is used whereas in traditional dentistry, a drill is used. Another important factor to consider laser technology is to help the nerves heal faster and make patient comfortable as before.

How safe is laser for dental treatment?

No treatment procedure is implemented with zero safety measures. Dental Laser treatments are approved by the FDA before they really get into implemented. They are sterilized correct to protect from infections. Laser light do not harm or hurt the tooth or gums as only certain amount of light is emitted as required by the procedure to cure.

Is Laser Dentistry Painful?

No. Laser Dentistry is recognized one of the painless dental procedures and hence it has become the most preferred treatment.

How laser dentistry help in smile beautification?

As a part of tooth whitening dental lasers help in safely removing the stains making tooth look bright. This gradually improves the smile’s shape and shade.